Paolo Bettoni was a nineteenth century Italian master of the short story. He was a great admirer of his contemporary Charles Dickens and in 1852 produced a translation into Italian of Dickens’ A Christmas Carol, published by Borroni and Scotti of Milan.
Alfredo Panzini (1863-1939) was a successful Italian novelist and lexicographer. He was born in Senigallia but spent his childhood at Bellaria (near Rimini). He studied Latin, Greek and Italian under Giosue Carducci at the University of Bologna.
Hans Arnold (Babette von Buelow) (1850-1927) was the daughter of Jewish lawyer, writer and astronomer, Felix Eberty. She grew up in Breslau (Wroclaw, Poland) where her father was a Professor at the University.
Grazia Deledda(1871-1936) was an Italian author who received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1926. She was born in Nuoro, Sardinia and much of her writing is inspired by the Sardinian peasantry and the rugged landscape in which they lived.
Marie Bernhard (1857-1937), a German writer, was born and brought up in Koenigsberg where her father was a teacher at a Realgymnasium (high school). Like her contemporaries Hans Arnold and the English writer George Eliot, she felt constrained to publish her early works under a masculine pseudonym, Bernhard Frey.
Max Brod (1884-1968), was a Jewish writer from the German speaking community of Prague where he lived until his emigration to Palestine in 1939. He is best known as the life-long friend and publisher of Franz Kafka but he was a successful and prolific author in his own right. Jewish Women and Arnold Beer: The Fate of a Jew are unique portraits of the lives of the assimilated Jews of Prague before the First World War.
Nan Östman (1923-2015) was a Swedish writer, mainly of children’s books for which she was awarded the Astrid Lindgren Prize in 1987. In 1999 she turned her hand with equal success to adult themes with the publication of Ett Slags Sällskap in 1999 followed by En Varm Vänskap in 2003.